Damage to a Kids Braces (Temporary Fix until Dental Visit)
If a childs braces become broken or out of place you can use an earaser on a pencil to push the wires down or away to prevent the wires from damaging his gums, cheeks, or tongue until you have a chance to visit a dentist to repair the damages. Another option is dental wax which helps coat the edges of the damaged braces to prevent them from scraping/cutting the surrounding tissue.
Chipped or Broken Teeth
Should a childs teeth become chipped or broken, an important factor is keeping the chipped/broken pieces and cleaning the childs mouth with a warm salt-water mixture. Once the bleeding stops apply a cold pack and bring the child to a dentist as soon as possible. The chipped/broken pieces may or may not be reattached but can only be confirmed by a dentist during an oral examination. In other cases a filler may be used to cover the chip to protect the tooth. In severe cases, a root canal may be necessary in order to restore the tooth. The best way to confirm which procedure is best is by allowing a dentist to examine and take X-Rays of the chipped/broken teeth.
Disloged or Moved Teeth
Should the tooth be disloged due to trauma (from activities such as sports, falling down, etc…) the best thing to do is apply a cold pack to the disloged area reducing swelling and pain considerably. If a tooth was knocked out, the best way is to preserve it in milk or water with a pinch of salt in case the dentist can still re-attach the tooth. After the cold compress is applied and tooth is preserved, you should visit the dentist as soon as possible. The best results come if the tooth is reattached within the first hour of the trauma/being knocked out.
Other mouth oriented damages
There may be other damages to soft tissues such as gums, cheeks, tongue, and lips caused by various reasons which may require urgent care. The first step should be to stop clean the area by using a salt/water mixture and then to stop the bleeding by applying pressure with a clean tissue or cloth and applying ice or cold to slow down the bleeding and numb any pain. If bleeding does not stop within 15 minutes, you should bring the child to an emergency room near you for medical attention.